Contributing to Bitcoin Cash Node
The Bitcoin Cash Node project welcomes contributors!
This guide is intended to help developers and others contribute effectively to Bitcoin Cash Node.
Communicating with the project
To get in contact with the Bitcoin Cash Node project, we monitor a number of resources.
Our main development repository is currently located at
This features the project code, an issue tracker and facilities to see project progress and activities, even in detailed form such as individual change requests.
Users are free to submit issues or comment on existing ones - all that is needed is a GitLab account which can be freely registered (use the 'Register' button on the GitLab page).
In addition to the project repository, we have various other channels where project contributors can be reached.
Our main chat is at https://bitcoincashnode.slack.com, where we conduct our main development and interactive support for users of our node.
Other social media resources such as our Telegram and Twitter are linked from the project website at
On all our channels, we seek to facilitate development of Bitcoin Cash Node, and to welcome and support people who wish to participate.
Please visit our channels to
- Introduce yourself to other Bitcoin Cash Node contributors
- Get help with your development environment
- Discuss how to complete a patch.
It is not for:
- Market discussion
- Non-constructive criticism
Bitcoin Cash Node Development Philosophy
Bitcoin Cash Node aims for fast iteration and continuous integration.
This means that there should be quick turnaround for patches to be proposed, reviewed, and committed. Changes should not sit in a queue for long.
Expectations of contributors
Here are some tips to help keep the development working as intended. These are guidelines for the normal and expected development process. Developers can use their judgement to deviate from these guidelines when they have a good reason to do so.
- Keep each change minimal and self-contained.
- Don't amend a Merge Request after it has been accepted for merging unless with coordination with the maintainer(s)
- Large changes should be broken into logical chunks that are easy to review, and keep the code in a functional state.
- Do not mix moving stuff around with changing stuff. Do changes with renames on their own.
- Sometimes you want to replace one subsystem by another implementation, in which case it is not possible to do things incrementally. In such cases, you keep both implementations in the codebase for a while, as described here
- There are no "development" branches, all merge requests apply to the master branch, and should always improve it (no regressions).
- As soon as you see a bug, you fix it. Do not continue on. Fixing the bug becomes the top priority, more important than completing other tasks.
Note: Code review is a burdensome but important part of the development process, and as such, certain types of merge requests are rejected. In general, if the improvements do not warrant the review effort required, the MR has a high chance of being rejected. Before working on a large or complex code change, it is recommended to consult with project maintainers about the desirability of the change, so you can be sure they are willing to spend the time required to review your work.
Merge request philosophy
Patchsets should always be focused. For example, a merge request could add a feature, fix a bug, or refactor code; but not a mixture. Please also avoid super merge requests which attempt to do too much, are overly large, or overly complex as this makes review difficult.
When adding a new feature, thought must be given to the long term technical debt and maintenance that feature may require after inclusion. Before proposing a new feature that will require maintenance, please consider if you are willing to maintain it (including bug fixing). If features get orphaned with nobody using and caring for them in the future, they may be removed by the project maintainers.
Refactoring is a necessary part of any software project's evolution. The following guidelines cover refactoring merge requests for the project.
There are three categories of refactoring: code-only moves, code style fixes, and code refactoring. In general, refactoring merge requests should not mix these three kinds of activities in order to make refactoring merge requests easy to review and uncontroversial. In all cases, refactoring MRs must not change the behaviour of code within the merge request (bugs must be preserved as is).
Project maintainers aim for a quick turnaround on refactoring merge requests, so where possible keep them short, uncomplex and easy to verify.
Merge requests that refactor the code should not be made by new contributors. It requires a certain level of experience to know where the code belongs to and to understand the full ramification (including rebase effort of other open MRs).
Trivial merge requests or merge requests that refactor the code with no clear benefits may be immediately closed by the maintainers to reduce unnecessary workload on reviewing.
Critical code paths
Some code paths are more critical than others. This applies to code such as consensus, block template creation, mempool, relay policies and more. Changes to critical code paths really should inspire confidence. The following things can help inspire confidence:
- Minimal, easily reviewable merge requests.
- Extensive unit and/or functional tests.
- Patience for reviewers
- Appreciation for reviews.
Approval of paid merge requests
Contributors are welcome to submit merge requests, but they should not expect to be paid for MRs in general, unless...
If a contributor expects to be paid for an MR, they should get explicit approval from maintainers before conducting the work. The approval must be documented directly in the issue or MR in the form of maximum approved hours for the work. For example
<Developer> approved for maximum 5 hours on this MR.In line with maintainers' discretion to close any MR when it does not meet the needs of the project, approval for pay may also be revoked if the work deviates from expectations.
Regular contributors in good standing may be informed by maintainers of their trusted status, which grants them the privilege to start paid work without prior approval each time. This status may be revoked at the discretion of the maintainers.
Expectations of maintainers
These are guidelines for the normal and expected process for handling merge requests. Maintainers can use their judgement to deviate from these guidelines when they have a good reason to do so.
- Try to guide contributors towards the goal of having their contributions merged.
- Identify whether the intent of an MR is desirable, independent of its technical quality.
- Merge accepted changes quickly after they are accepted.
- If a merge has been done and breaks the build of master, fix it quickly. If it cannot be fixed quickly, revert it. It can be re-applied later when it no longer breaks the build.
- Automate as much as possible, and spend time on things only humans can do.
- Speak up or raise an issue if you anticipate a problem with a change.
- Don't be afraid to say "NO", or "MAYBE, but...", if a change seems undesirable or if you otherwise have reservations/caveats/etc.
Here are some handy links for development practices aligned with Bitcoin Cash Node:
- BCHN GitLab development working rules and guidelines
- Developer Notes
- How to Write a Git Commit Message
- How to Do Code Reviews Like a Human - Part 1
- How to Do Code Reviews Like a Human - Part 2
- Large Diffs Are Hurting Your Ability To Ship
- Parallel Implementations
- The Pragmatic Programmer: From Journeyman to Master
- Advantages of monolithic version control
- The importance of fixing bugs immediately
- Good Work, Great Work, and Right Work
- Accelerate: The Science of Lean Software and DevOps
Getting set up with the Bitcoin Cash Node Repository
- Create an account at https://gitlab.com if you don't have one yet
Install Git on your machine
- Git documentation can be found at: https://git-scm.com
- To install these packages on Debian or Ubuntu,
sudo apt-get install git
If you do not already have an SSH key set up, follow these steps:
ssh-keygen -t rsa -b 4096 -C "firstname.lastname@example.org"
- Enter a file in which to save the key (/home/username/.ssh/id_rsa): [Press enter]
- NOTE: the path in the message shown above is specific to UNIX-like systems and may differ if you run on other platforms.
Upload your SSH public key to GitLab
- Go to: https://gitlab.com, log in
- Under "User Settings", "SSH Keys", add your public key
- Paste contents from:
Create a personal fork of the Bitcoin Cash Node repository for your work
- Sign into GitLab under your account, then visit the project at https://gitlab.com/bitcoin-cash-node/bitcoin-cash-node
- Click the 'Fork' button on the top right, and choose to fork the project to your personal GitLab space.
Clone your personal work repository to your local machine:
git clone email@example.com:username/bitcoin-cash-node.git
Set your checked out copy's upstream to our main project:
git remote add upstream https://gitlab.com/bitcoin-cash-node/bitcoin-cash-node.git
You may want to add the
mreqalias to your
[alias] mreq = !sh -c 'git fetch $1 merge-requests/$2/head:mr-$1-$2 && git checkout mr-$1-$2' -
mreqalias can be used to easily check out Merge Requests from our main repository if you intend to test them or work on them. Example:
$ git mreq upstream 93
This will checkout
merge-requests/93/headand put you in a branch called
mr-origin-93. You can then proceed to test the changes proposed by that merge request.
Code formatting tools
During submission of patches, our GitLab process may refused code that is not styled according to our coding guidelines.
To enforce Bitcoin Cash Node codeformatting standards, you may need to install
shellcheckon your system to format your code before submission as a Merge Request.
clang-tidyon Ubuntu (>= 18.04+updates) or Debian (>= 10):
sudo apt-get install clang-format-8 clang-tidy-8 clang-tools-8
If not available in the distribution,
clang-tidycan be installed from https://releases.llvm.org/download.html or https://apt.llvm.org.
For example, for macOS:
curl http://releases.llvm.org/8.0.0/clang+llvm-8.0.0-x86_64-apple-darwin.tar.xz | tar -xJv ln -s $PWD/clang+llvm-8.0.0-x86_64-apple-darwin/bin/clang-format /usr/local/bin/clang-format ln -s $PWD/clang+llvm-8.0.0-x86_64-apple-darwin/bin/clang-tidy /usr/local/bin/clang-tidy
sudo apt-get install python-autopep8 flake8 php-codesniffer shellcheck
Further task-specific dependencies
In order to run the automated tests, you'll need the tools listed in the "dependencies" sections of these two documents:
To produce coverage reports, you'll need the dependencies listed in:
To run HTML documenation generation locally, you'll need the
mkdocs-materialPython packages as covered in:
Working with The Bitcoin Cash Node Repository
A typical workflow would be:
Create a topic branch in Git for your changes
git checkout -b 'my-topic-branch'
Make your changes, and commit them
git commit -a -m 'my-commit'
Push the topic branch to your GitLab repository
git push -u origin my-topic-branch
Then create a Merge Request (the GitLab equivalent of a Pull Request) from that branch in your personal repository. To do this, you need to sign in to GitLab, go to the branch and click the button which lets you create a Merge Request (you need to fill out at least title and description fields).
Work with us on GitLab to receive review comments, going back to the 'Make your changes' step above if needed to make further changes on your branch, and push them upstream as above. They will automatically appear in your Merge Request.
All Merge Requests should contain a commit with a test plan that details how to test the changes. In all normal circumstances, you should build and test your changes locally before creating a Merge Request. A merge request should feature a specific test plan where possible, and indicate which regression tests may need to be run.
If you have doubts about the scope of testing needed for your change, please contact our developers and they will help you decide.
For large changes, break them into several Merge Requests.
If you are making numerous changes and rebuilding often, it's highly recommended to install
ccache(re-run cmake if you install it later), as this will help cut your re-build times from several minutes to under a minute, in many cases.
What to work on
If you are looking for a useful task to contribute to the project, a good place to start is the list of issues at https://gitlab.com/bitcoin-cash-node/bitcoin-cash-node/-/issues
Look for issues marked with a label 'good-first-issue'.
Bitcoin Cash Node documentation
Find the complete project documentation at https://docs.bitcoincashnode.org/. The documentation here is published automatically as part of the development release pipeline. See Publishing documentation for further details and especially if you plan to work on the documentation.
By contributing to this repository, you agree to license your work under the
MIT license unless specified otherwise in
contrib/debian/copyright or at
the top of the file itself. Any work contributed where you are not the original
author must contain its license header with the original author(s) and source.